Fredericton in New Brunswick, Canada
City of Fredericton
Ville de Fredericton
Nashwaak River, Fredericton, NB (29905645230).jpg Christ Church Cathedral, Fredricton..3.jpg
Fredericton, New Brunswick.jpg
From top to bottom; left to right: Fredericton skyline, Pedestrian bridge of the Nashwaak River, Christ Church Cathedral, New Brunswick Legislative Building
Flag of Fredericton
Flag Official seal of Fredericton
Official logo of Fredericton
Nickname(s): "City of Stately Elms", "The Celestial City", "Freddy Beach"
Motto(s): "Fredericopolis, silvae filia nobilis" (Latin)
"Fredericton, noble daughter of the forest"
Fredericton is located in CanadaFrederictonFredericton
Location of Fredericton in Canada
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Coordinates: 45.957319°N 66.647818°W
Province New Brunswick
County(s) York, Sunbury
Metropolitan area Greater Fredericton
Named for Prince Frederick, Duke of York
• Type Fredericton City Council
• Mayor Mike O'Brien
• MPs Matt DeCourcey
• MLAs Stephen Horsman
• City 132.57 km2 (51.19 sq mi)
• Metro 4,521.72 km2 (1,745.8 sq mi)
Elevation 20-100 m (66-328 ft)
• City 58,220
• Density 439.2/km2 (1,138/sq mi)
• Metro 105,688
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
• Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code(s) E3A, E3B, E3C, E3G
Area code(s) 506
NTS Map 021G15
GNBC Code DAFMJ
Fredericton (/ˈfrɛdrɪktən/; French pronunciation: [fʁədʁiktɔ̃]) is the capital of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The city is situated in the west-central portion of the province along the Saint John River, which flows west to east as it bisects the city. The river is the dominant natural feature of the area. One of the main urban centres in New Brunswick, the city had a population of 56,224 in the 2011 census. It is the third-largest city in the province after Moncton and Saint John.
An important cultural, artistic, and educational centre for the province, Fredericton is home to two universities, the New Brunswick College of Craft and Design, and cultural institutions such as the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the Fredericton Region Museum, and The Playhouse, a performing arts venue. The city hosts the annual Harvest Jazz & Blues Festival, attracting regional and international jazz, blues, rock, and world artists. Fredericton is also an important and vibrant center point for the region's top visual artists; many of New Brunswick's notable artists live and work there today. Fredericton has also been home to some great historical Canadian painters as well, including Goodridge Roberts, and Molly and Bruno Bobak.
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Environment Canada
The Saint John River runs through Fredericton, with most of the city's post-war suburban development occurring on the gently sloping hills on either side of the river (although the downtown core is flat and lies low to the river).
Fredericton's climate is influenced by its inland position, resulting in colder winters than most other coastal areas of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
At an altitude of about 17 metres above sea level, Fredericton is nestled in the Pennsylvanian Basin. It differs markedly from the geologically older parts of the province. There are prominently two distinct areas in the region that are divided around the area of Wilsey Road, in the east end of the city. In the west side, the bedrock underneath the earth is topographically dominant, whereas the other is controlled by Pleistocene and recent deposits leading to the rivers (resulting in the area being shallow and wide). Fredericton and its surroundings are rich in water resources, which, coupled with highly arable soil, make the Fredericton region ideal for agriculture. The Saint John River and one of its major tributaries, the Nashwaak River, come together in Fredericton. The uninhabited parts of the city are heavily forested.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Fredericton was 38.9 °C (102 °F) on 18 August 1935. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −38.9 °C (−38 °F) on 19 January 1925.
As a provincial capital, its economy is tied to the public sector; however, the city also contains a growing IT and commercial sector. The city has the highest percentage of residents with a post-secondary education in the province and one of the highest per capita incomes.